One Of A Kind Bulldogs follow the standards set by the IOEBA (International Olde English Bulldogge Association) for general description, temperament, and body standard. The standards are listed below:
General Description Of The Olde English Bulldogge
The ideal Olde English Bulldogge is considered a loyal courageous dog, medium in size with a large powerful head and a mighty, stout muscular body.
Olde English Bulldogges are active and most importantly of extremely good health, males are to be considered free breeders and females are always free whelpers.
Olde English Bulldogges are always to be devoid of all breathing issues and are capable of enjoying most if not all outdoor activity without concern (except in extreme heat or cold).
The temperament of an Olde English Bulldogge is very stable and trustworthy making the breed a loyal companion and capable protector as well as the ultimate family member.
Olde English Bulldogges thrive on serve, please, and obey their owners and are very trainable.
Their lifespan of the Olde English Bulldogge is between 10 and 14 years.
The temperament of the Olde English Bulldogge and the disposition should be outgoing and happy. While a watchful nature may be expected at home, human aggression without provocation is a disqualifying fault.
Physical Description Of The Olde English Bulldogge
The Head of this breed is considered Large and high, moderately sunken between the eyes (medial furrow).The circumference of the head should be equal to or greater than the Olde English Bulldogge's height at the shoulder. A narrow head or one that appears too small for the body is a fault.
The Ears of the Olde English Bulldogge are set well on the sides of the head are preferred. Dropped ears are acceptable as long they are small, not severely floppy “hound like”. Full pricked ears that stand up on top of the head should be considered a serious fault.
The Muzzle of the Olde English Bulldogge is broad, deep, and short with moderate wrinkling. The bite is undershot with the bottom jaw turning up noticeably. If the muzzle is too long (more than 3 inches) scissor bite or even bite are disqualifying faults and not a Qualified Olde English Bulldogge. Their muzzle should be no shorter than 1 ½ inches. Wry jaw is also a disqualifying fault.
The back of the Olde English Bulldogge males should appear square and balanced. Females should appear similar with consideration given for body length. Short with a very slight rise from the shoulders to a slight drop in the croup is preferred. A level back is acceptable as long as the tail does not come straight off the top of the back.
The shoulders of the Olde English Bulldogge should be well laid back with significant angulation to allow for good movement. Straight shoulders are a fault of the Olde English Bulldogge.
The legs of the Olde English Bulldoge should be as follows. The forelegs should be straight and wide apart, neither bowing out nor turning in to the center of the chest. There should be significant bone substance. Elbows should be relatively close to their stout body. Lacking bone and substance is very undesirable in this breed. Elbows that are loose or “fiddle fronts” are a disqualifying fault. “East / West” forelegs are a serious fault.
The rear legs of the Olde English Bulldogge should exhibit significant bend of stifle so to allow for good movement. They should be extremely muscular. Straight or “posty” rear legs are a serious fault of the breed, and are a disqualifying feature. Cow hocks are a disqualifying fault.
The bodies movement of the Olde English Bulldogge should have a well balanced gait that drives off the rear and is complimented by reach allowing the dog to cover ground with a sense of power. Dogs should single track. Pacing or crabbing is a serious fault.
The feet of the Olde English Bulldogge are round, tight both front and rear, and the pasterns should be strong. Weak pasterns and/or splayed feet are disqualifying faults
the height of the Males - 18 to 20 inches at the shoulder. Females - 17 to 19 inches at the shoulder.
The average weight of the Olde English Bulldogge is Between 50 to 70 lbs. for females and 65 to 85 lbs. for males. Although height and weight above the standard is to be discouraged, there is no penalty as long as the dog is well proportioned, otherwise correct and balanced.
Any color of coat is accepted as the Olde English Bulldogge except Merle. The coat is short. A wavy coat or a long coat is a disqualifying fault. There should be no signs of feathering on the legs or neck area, also a disqualifying fault.
The tail of the Olde English Bulldogge is considered A pump handle tail that naturally reaches the hock is preferred, screwed short or a docked tails are acceptable. The pump handle tail should be carried low and not over the back of the Olde English Bulldogges back.
The History Of The Olde English Bulldogge
It is said that during the time of Queen Anne Of Great Britain bull baiting was highly practices in London, twice weekly. In areas like Stamford, Tutbury, and provincial towns like these bull baiting was was considered reasonable. This process called bull-baiting is explained as a bull being placed in a special constructed ring for the purpose of being tied to an iron stake so that it was only able to move about around 30 feet. This process was considered a sport, as dogs were used to immobilize the bull. It is proven in history that before the event would start they would torment the bull with pepper blown into the nostrils of the beast to enrage the animal before being baited. The bull was placed in a hole in the ground. A variation of bull-baiting was called “pinning the bull” , where specially-trained dogs would come at the bull one at a time. A successful pinning would result in the attack of the bull with a dog fastening his teeth strongly in the bulls snout. The Olde English Bulldogge was the breed used for this sport, as well as the Boxer an ancestor of the English Bulldog. Eventually a bill was passed suppressing the practice of bull-baiting and pinning.
The breeding history is fairly confident that the Olde English Bulldog is derived from ancient war dogs such as the Mastiff or Alaunt. Others believe that the true origin of the breed is not entirely clear. Depictions in the prints shows that the variety of a smaller Mastiff with a longer head. The word Mastiff was eventually dropped when describing these smaller Mastiffs, as the Mastiff proper was found too slow for bull-baiting. Eventually, the Greyhound was crossed into the breed, increasing the mastiff's speed without losing the breed's ferocity. This step reduced the Olde English Bulldogges size and weight, with the Greyhound's features seen in specimens of that time.
The decline of the breed In England, the passage of the Cruelty to Animals Act 1835 caused a decline of bull-baiting and dog fighting, leading to a lack of interest in perpetuating the Old English Bulldog. Three dogs from the Duke of Hamilton's strain of Old English bulldog, 'Wasp, Child, and Billy,' were famously depicted in a painting and recognized as some of the last known members of the breed before they became extinct. Despite the laws making dog fighting illegal the activity continued for many years. Breeders determined a cross between the Old English bulldog and Old English terrier created a superior fighting dog with increased quickness and dexterity. This new breed of dog, called the Bull and Terrier, was a precursor to the Bull Terrier and Pit Bull Terrier and accelerated the extinction of the Old English bulldog
The Old English Bulldogs appearance in past history was compact, broad and muscular, as reflected in the well-known depiction Crib and Rosa. The average bodies height was approximately 15 inches, and they weighed about 45 pounds. A particular characteristic of the Old English Bulldog was the lower jaw that projected considerably in front of the upper jaw, which made possible a strong, vice-like grip. The nose of the Old English Bulldog was deeply set in the face, which allowed the dog to get enough air as it gripped the bull.
The Re-Establishment Of The Olde English Bulldogge
Re-Incarnation: One contemporary recreation of the breed is called the Olde English Bulldogge. Starting in the 1970s, a breeding program developed for cattle at Ohio State University was used, with the aim of recreating the Old English bulldog. This modern day version, though possessing similar physical abilities, does not have the violent temperament of the Old English Bulldog. This recreation was done by line-breeding to create a breed with a foundation of half bulldog, and the other half bull Mastiff, American pit bull terrier, and American bulldog.
Others In The Influence Of The Re-Establishment Of The Olde English Bulldogge
There are several other recreations of the Olde English Bulldog however none have become popular, including but not limited to, the Able Bulldog, Old Tyme Bulldogge, Renascence Bulldogge, Victorian Bulldog, Aylestone Bulldog, Bulldog, and the Spanish Bulldogge. None of these breeds have fully reestablished the breed as closely as the Olde English Bulldogge.
The Health History of The Olde English Bulldogge is considered a healthier breed of dog than many of the modern bulldog breeds of today, though they can be affected by many of the same disorders that occur in any breed if bred irresponsibly. The Olde English Bulldogge is known for its ability to breath freely and live much longer then the Modern English Bulldog of today. The Olde English Bulldogge is also quickly becoming well respected in many working class venues such as weight pull, therapy training, obedience and several other classes or venues. They have become excellent breathers and do not have to be kept in an air conditioned environment on hot days. Artificial insemination of this breed is not a standard protocol either when breeding the Olde English Bulldogges as natural ties are the standard. Caesarean sections are also not required and only needed in the event of unexpected complications at delivery like with almost any breed of dog.
Leavitt And The Rebirth Of The Olde English Bulldogge
The Olde English Bulldogge is an attempt to recreate the "Regency Period Bull Baiter" and is proven to be developed by David Leavitt of Coatesville, Pennsylvania. Mr. Leavitt began his project in 1971 utilizing the cattle line breeding scheme of Dr. Fechimer from Ohio State University. The goal was to create a dog with the look, health, and athleticism of the original bull-baiting dogs, but with a much less aggressive temperament. The foundation of the Olde English Bulldogge can be traced to a mix of these standard pure breeds: English bulldog, American Bulldog, American Pit Bull Terrier, and Bull Mastiff. After many carefully planned crosses, the Olde English Bulldogge emerged and began to breed true to the Olde English Bulldogge breed. Thus, Leavitt formed the Olde English Bulldogge Association (OEBA) to maintain the breeds stud book and issue registration papers to future offspring.
During the 1980s Ben and Karen Campetti from Sandisfield, Massachusetts, worked closely with Leavitt in breeding the Olde English Bulldogge. Soon they achieved great success showing the breed in Molosser breed shows across the country and internationally. For several years the Olde English Bulldogge was the top rare breed in rare breed conformation shows across the US. In 1993 Leavitt retired according to history and turned the OEBA registry as well as his personal breeding stock over to Working Dog Inc. which was owned as well as operated by Michael Walz of Pennsylvania. In 2005, Leavitt re-emerged from retirement and joined the Olde English Bulldogge Kennel Club. Leavitt declared that he would merge the OEBA registry with the registry of the Olde English Bulldogge Kennel Club before he developed another club called the Leavitt Bulldog Association.
Despite the recent rumors and controversy that can be found about the Olde English Bulldogge, over the name that Leavitt assigned to the breed, today's Olde English Bulldogge is still breeding true to the standard form. Today,s Olde English Bulldogge also possesses excellent health, agility, temperament and a consistent look to that of the old working Bull Baiter of the English Regency Period.
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